World War 2 Facts

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Facts about World War II

worl war 2 facts like when did world war to started and why?

  • When did world war 2 started? : World War II started on September 1, 1939, when Hitler’s troops invaded Poland in accordance with an agreement with the Soviet Union called the Hitler-Stalin Pact. This invasion was followed by declaration of war by Britain and France against Germany. In the first half of 1940, Hitler invaded Denmark and  Norway in order to safeguard the logisics route to the Sweden and to break the naval blocade of Britain.
  • Blitzkrieg (Lightning War): German troops launched atttacks on 10 May 1940 against Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg which resulted in invasion of all. After the bombardment there were almost no buildings standing  and the city of Rotterdam was completely ruined.

Blitzkrieg is ligthning war in English.

  • France Invasion: During the summer German Troops invaded France in just 6 weeks, but they lost the Battle of England.
  • Operation Barbarossa:  On June 22, 1941, he launched Operation Barbarossa, where the German troops reinforced the Italian troops (under Mussolini) in the Balkan War. (which was relatively a failure for the Italians)
  • The destiny of the German people: Hitler’s conviction was clear: either the German people had to fight and go to death without hesitation, or they would be killed by stronger nations – there were no interstate. On November 27, 1941, Hitler stated: ” If the German people are not strong and sacrificial enough to give their blood for their existence, they will be perished and be destroyed by another, stronger power. I’m not going to fool a tear for the German people “
  • Japan: Japan was allied with Germany and on December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked the US naval bases in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. In this way, the United States was involved in the conflict and on December 11, 1941, Hitler chose to declare war against the United States.
  • 1943: The war began to turn against the Germans in the Battle of Stalingrad, where the entire 6th German army surrendered. The defeat was mainly due to Hitler by forbidding the 6th Army to withdraw from the frontlines. Later that year, the Allied Air Forces had the upper hand and won over Germany, resulting in total destruction of several German cities.
  • D Day: The invasion of Normandy began on 6 June 1944 and marked the start of the end of World War II. On December 16, however, the Germans launched a last offense in the Ardennes area of ​​Belgium – but the offensive was sentenced to a failure, as the German forces were not strong enough to launch this attack.
  • The Nero Command: Hitler issued the so-called ‘Nero Commandment’ on March 19, 1945, which was intended to curb the enemy’s advancement and to ensure that nothing was left behind to the enemy. In practice, the order meant destruction of all public property (especially infrastructure). The idea behind the order was that the country was totally captured and invaders should get zero benefit from Germany so all the infrastructure left behind must be destroyed. However, the order was never fully implemented because its export was difficult during the chaotic circumstances. In addition, Albert Speer, who was responsible for carrying it out, did not embrace the idea and therefore deliberately resisted against the order.
  • The end: On April 30, 1945, Hitler suited commicide together with his life partner Eva Braun. The two had married the day before at a small ceremony in a bunker. They each took a cyanide capsule and Hitler furthermore shot himself in the throat. Hitler’s staff then buried the two bodies in the state park. The bodies were subsequently dug up by the Russians brought to Magdeburg, where they were secretly buried under a Russian military facility. They were kept here until 1970 when the then KGB chief ordered them to be thrown into the Elbe, which led them into the North Sea and they were finally disappeared.
  • End of War : World War II ended in Europe on May 8, 1945, but continued in Japan, where the Americans threw the nuclear bombs over Hiroshima on August 6 and Nagasaki on August 9. On the 15th of August, the Japanese army surrendered and on September 2, 1945, the peace declaration was signed, which was the final end of World War II.