Who is the real inventor of radio
Radio was invented by Guglielmo Marconi in 1896 though it could be reasonably argued that he was continuing the earlier work of other inventors and scientists. His efforts for the first radio sets was the culmination of several decades of experiments and research. There were various patents registered and different equipment made before the first specific radio stations was built and then used.
There has been a fair amount of debate over the issue of who actually invented the radio, with claims that it was invented before Marconi. It is certain that Hertz, Amphere, and Tesla had important contributions to the development of radio. They all believed that radio waves could be harnessed to further transmission technology in one way or another way. All these efforts came up with the conclusion that radio waves could be used for transmission but they were not been able to set up the first radio before Marconi.
Marconi was an Italian citizen but he had to go to Great Britain to get funds for his research of radio transmissions. He was certainly well aware of the the researches carried out by the scientists like Nicola Tesla and Hertz about radio waves and their potential use for communications in short and long distances. His research aroused interest of the British Post Office, keen to find new ways of communicating aside from putting stamps on letter and posting them. William Preece from the Post Office was intrigued by idea of being able to communicate nationally and internationally. The Royal Navy and other navies were eventually interested in the idea that radio could offer them for communicating between their ships across the world and even during battle.
Patent for the first radio
Marconi got his first patent for a wireless telegraph system with the help of Preece in 1896. Within a year he had set up his own company to expand this telegraphy network. His experiments and improved transmission equipment was allowing radio signals to be sent out and received over longer distances, on both land and sea. As early as 1897 a full time telegraphy service was established between Britain and France.
Marconi had a dream of transmitting radio signals across the Atlantic. In 1902 his radios were able to send signals from Southern England all the way to Newfoundland; a distance of roughly 2100 miles. Within five years radio stations in Europe began to exchange radio signals with the stations in Canada and the United States. In 1909, Marconi was awarded with the Nobel Prize for Science in recognition for his achievements with the radio transmission.
From Radio to the Radar
The First World War saw a great expansion of the use of radio. Radio sets finally became small enough to be used on planes. Marconi served in the Italian Navy. It was actually used by all the navies. The Royal Navy itself achieved to breake the German naval code,which stopped German victories and helped to defeat the U boats. Before his death, Marconi predicted that radio systems would be the basis for radar systems, which the Britain achieved to develop just before the Second World War.