The world’s highest mountain has cost over 288 people’s lives in their efforts to climb it over eight kilometers of high mountain.
The accurate definition of the “mountain” is still being disputed, but according to Encyclopedia Britannica, the requirement to be counted as mountain is a minimum height of 610 meters.
Countries such as China, India and, in particular, Nepal, can enjoy the world’s highest mountains, all rising over eight kilometers.
Mount Everest is 8,848 meters high. The mountain – in Sanskrit called Sagarmatha and on Tibetan Chomolungma – is located on the border between Nepal and China and is named after the British engineer Sir George Everest. He was the first to determine the geographic coordinates and height of the mountain in 1841.
The mountain was first captured on May 29, 1953 by the Tener Norgay Sherpa and the New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary and since then, 4,833 different people have explored the legendary mountain.
However, Mount Everest has a bitter cost of 288 human beings life in their efforts to climb the highest mountain in the world.
Due to the continuing active geological forces under Mount Everest, mountain continues to grow by about one centimeter a year, moving simultaneously to the northeast about six centimeters a year.
However, Mount Everest is not the highest point on Earth if you count it from the center of the earth.
Normally you calculate the height of a mountain from the surface of the sea, but counting from the center of the earth, the highest mountain in the world title goes to Chimborazo in Ecuador. Chimborazo measures ‘only’ 6.248 meters above sea level, yet it fits the longest in the landscape and is closest to the room.
This is due to the shape of the earth, as our sphere is not quite round, but is actually a bit ‘mast’. Thus, the Earth is wider than it is hight, and it gives an advantage to the mountains that lie at the equator – such as Chimborazo, which is close to the thick center of the earth.
Below you can see the top 10 mountains in the world.
Top 10 – World’s highest mountain
- Mount Everest – 8,848 meters. Located on the border between Nepal and China.
- K2 – 8,611 meters. Located on the border between Pakistan / China
- Kangchenjunga – 8.586 meters. Located on the border between Nepal / India
- Lhotsey – 8,516 meters. Located in Nepal
- Makalu – 8,462 meters. Located in Nepal
- Cho Oyu – 8.201 meters. Located in Nepal
- Dhaulagiri – 8.167 meters: Located in Nepal
- Manaslu – 8.156 meters. Located in Nepal
- Nanga Parbat – 8.125 meters. Located in Pakistan
- Annapurna – 8,091 meters. Located in Nepal