How is blood pressure measured in small animals?

  How is it that pharmaceutical companies can develop drugs for humans that lower their blood pressure? Drugs like Lipitor, Levacor, Zocor, and other blood...

What is an ELISA assay

ELIZA ASSAY In this 96 well plate the wells with the darker wells have a greater concentration of a specific protein than lighter wells. Any...

Energy and Human Life,converting ATP to potential energy

When I first started to learn the laws of thermodynamics and the laws of energy I wasn’t able to fully comprehend just what the...
Ecosystem Definition: What is an ecosystem?

Ecosystem Definition

What is an Ecosystem? The ecology is a relatively new science devoted to studying the relationships of organisms with the environment. The research field of ecology is the...

How is genomic DNA extracted?

Scientists and researchers can extract the genomic DNA from a sample of blood, a mouth swab, or a water bottle someone was drinking from....

Symbiosis Example – Nitrogen fixation by bacteria generates ammonia for plants.

  Symbiosis in biology refers to cooperation of two or more organisms where benefits are shared from the interaction. A classic example of symbiois is...

What are the ten organ systems that make up the human body?

 Our body is composed of millions of cells. Our cells form unique cell types and function together to create biological machine. Our cells group...

pros and cons of caffeine consumption

  I would go so far as to say that our Western society is fueled by an eight carbon organic molecule, C8H10N4O2, or 1,3,7-trimethyl-1H-purine-2,6(3H,7H)-dione3,7-dihydro-1,3,7-trimethyl-1H-purine-2,6-dione, or...

unique heavy or light chain variable regions produced by rearrangement

In immunology a major topic of discussion early on is the rearrangement of variable gene segments to form the complete variable region, either the...

What are the light reactions of photosynthesis and how is light energy obtained?

light reactions of photosynthesis The energy of sunlight can be harnessed by the reactions known as ‘light reactions’ for the movement of electrons from H2O...