How do snowflakes form? The center of a snowflake is a bacterium – Pseudomonas...

  How do snowflakes form People often wonder how a snowflakes forms such a unique and beautiful structure? The answer actually lies within a microorganism. As...

What are the ten organ systems that make up the human body?

 Our body is composed of millions of cells. Our cells form unique cell types and function together to create biological machine. Our cells group...

How is genomic DNA extracted?

Scientists and researchers can extract the genomic DNA from a sample of blood, a mouth swab, or a water bottle someone was drinking from....

How is THC produced in marijuana plants?

A recent post by ScienceDaily commented on a research publication to the PNAS journal. Researchers have isolated the key enzyme involved in cannabis production...

How can our immune system suppress itself? T-Regulatory Cells

T-Regulatory Cells The adaptive immune system is brilliantly designed to defend us from any type of pathogen through combinations of cell types, T-cells, B-cells, Natural...

How is 16s rRNA extracted and used to determine microbial diversity?

The molecular analysis of ribosomal RNA (rRNA), specifically the 16s sub unit is crucial to examining the diversity of microorganisms. The sequences of the...

How is blood pressure measured in small animals?

  How is it that pharmaceutical companies can develop drugs for humans that lower their blood pressure? Drugs like Lipitor, Levacor, Zocor, and other blood...

naproxen vs ibuprofen

  I recently argued with a coworker about the differences between ibuprofen, the compound use in drugs like Advil, and naproxen sodium, the active compound in Aleve....

What is a restriction enzyme

restriction enzyme Before the 1970′s the goal of isolating a single gene from a large chromosome was impossible. A gene is much different from a...

pros and cons of caffeine consumption

  I would go so far as to say that our Western society is fueled by an eight carbon organic molecule, C8H10N4O2, or 1,3,7-trimethyl-1H-purine-2,6(3H,7H)-dione3,7-dihydro-1,3,7-trimethyl-1H-purine-2,6-dione, or...