unique heavy or light chain variable regions produced by rearrangement

In immunology a major topic of discussion early on is the rearrangement of variable gene segments to form the complete variable region, either the...

How is genomic DNA extracted?

Scientists and researchers can extract the genomic DNA from a sample of blood, a mouth swab, or a water bottle someone was drinking from....

pH Balance of Your Body, Power of Hydrogen

pH Balance of Your Body You have always heard the word "pH" in school, in medical laboratories, in health facilities like hospitals and clinics and...

How can our immune system suppress itself? T-Regulatory Cells

T-Regulatory Cells The adaptive immune system is brilliantly designed to defend us from any type of pathogen through combinations of cell types, T-cells, B-cells, Natural...

Why is the electron transport chain like a battery?

electron transport chain A Duracell battery powers a simple circuit consisting of a wire, a small electric toy motor and the battery itself. The electrodes...

How have cancer cells been helpful? Hybridoma and the immortal B-cell.

Hybridoma and the immortal B-cell. Most people associate cancer with disease or illness that results in death, however our understanding of cancer has allowed us to do...

How is THC produced in marijuana plants?

A recent post by ScienceDaily commented on a research publication to the PNAS journal. Researchers have isolated the key enzyme involved in cannabis production...

What is connective tissue?

  connective tissue The tissue that packs our and supports the organs in the human body is known as connective tissue. Connective tissue develops from the...

bones of the human body

Illustration of Location of Bones in Human Body   The bones of the human body make up the skeletal system. In humans and all vertebrates the...

pros and cons of caffeine consumption

  I would go so far as to say that our Western society is fueled by an eight carbon organic molecule, C8H10N4O2, or 1,3,7-trimethyl-1H-purine-2,6(3H,7H)-dione3,7-dihydro-1,3,7-trimethyl-1H-purine-2,6-dione, or...