Why do we need Thiamine or better known as Vitamin B1?

Vitamin B1 The human body requires Vitamin B1 to function properly, which is why it is referred to as a vitamin. A deficiency of thiamine...

What are the light reactions of photosynthesis and how is light energy obtained?

light reactions of photosynthesis The energy of sunlight can be harnessed by the reactions known as ‘light reactions’ for the movement of electrons from H2O...

How can bacteria sense each other: bio luminescence.

Vibrio fisheri are a marine gram negative bacterium and they live symbiotically with marine animals like the squid below. However these glowing bacteria are only...

How can our immune system suppress itself? T-Regulatory Cells

T-Regulatory Cells The adaptive immune system is brilliantly designed to defend us from any type of pathogen through combinations of cell types, T-cells, B-cells, Natural...

Gene segments in the heteroduplex formed between mRNA and DNA

What is heteroduplex A heteroduplex is formed of the base pairing of DNA to mRNA from the same gene. A paper by Davis et al. describes...

How is 16s rRNA extracted and used to determine microbial diversity?

The molecular analysis of ribosomal RNA (rRNA), specifically the 16s sub unit is crucial to examining the diversity of microorganisms. The sequences of the...
Food Chains

Food Chain and Ecosystems

Food Chain Definition and Populations and Communities in the Ecosystems. The food chain begins with a producer organism that got energy from the Sun, used it to perform its functions and stored elsewhere as reserve.

Why is the electron transport chain like a battery?

electron transport chain A Duracell battery powers a simple circuit consisting of a wire, a small electric toy motor and the battery itself. The electrodes...

unique heavy or light chain variable regions produced by rearrangement

In immunology a major topic of discussion early on is the rearrangement of variable gene segments to form the complete variable region, either the...

Poisonous Plants That Will Kill You – Strophanthus and Ouabain

 Its been a while since my last post, but I will try to get back to work making interesting posts. Today I am introducing...