How does transcription initiate in E.Coli and other prokaryotic organisms?

Transcription is a part of the central dogma of biology and describes the copying of a gene from the DNA to a messenger RNA...

Obesity is Linked to Less Diversity of Bacteria in the Gut Microbiome

The gut microbiome can be considered an equivalent of a fingerprint of the gut in the sense that everyone has a unique community of bacteria growing...

How is blood pressure measured in small animals?

  How is it that pharmaceutical companies can develop drugs for humans that lower their blood pressure? Drugs like Lipitor, Levacor, Zocor, and other blood...

How can bacteria sense each other: bio luminescence.

Vibrio fisheri are a marine gram negative bacterium and they live symbiotically with marine animals like the squid below. However these glowing bacteria are only...

development of drugs against asthma and allergies

Scientists have found something that the  drugs against asthma and allergies can be improved. To a higher level The TLR4 receptor, present on epithelial and immune cells,...

How do snowflakes form? The center of a snowflake is a bacterium – Pseudomonas...

  How do snowflakes form People often wonder how a snowflakes forms such a unique and beautiful structure? The answer actually lies within a microorganism. As...

bones of the human body

Illustration of Location of Bones in Human Body   The bones of the human body make up the skeletal system. In humans and all vertebrates the...

How is THC produced in marijuana plants?

A recent post by ScienceDaily commented on a research publication to the PNAS journal. Researchers have isolated the key enzyme involved in cannabis production...

What are the ten organ systems that make up the human body?

 Our body is composed of millions of cells. Our cells form unique cell types and function together to create biological machine. Our cells group...

What is a restriction enzyme

restriction enzyme Before the 1970′s the goal of isolating a single gene from a large chromosome was impossible. A gene is much different from a...