What is Addiction
An addiction is the body’s need to receive a stimulant that has become indispensable to him. Many substances produce consumption habits and the person using them is considered addicted.
Addictions may cause mental illness, in that the anxiety of using a drug addict or pleasurable activities is uncontrollable. Thus, it leads to mental imbalance.
Types of Addictions
The first time you drink alcohol or smoked a cigarette may be out of curiosity or to avoid a problem. But dont forget that later it may become a necessity for the body and creates an addiction.
It has been statistically proven that two in five people who smoke 20 or more cigarettes a day, die prematurely before 65 years. This represents a doubling of the proportion of non-smokers.
Although there is plenty of medical evidence to support this statistic, most smokers continue with this vice.
Almost all that bad habit began in adolescence. They think that smoking gives personality or just because everyone else did and did not realize the dangers they were exposed.
Mistakenly, cigarettes have become a symbol of maturity or support for controlling the shyness or awkwardness in various social situations.
The effects of Smoking depends on :
a) The type of pipe, cigars or cigarettes.
b) The amount of smoke that is sent to the lungs.
c) The time it takes to smoke.
Smoke contains many harmful chemicals. But three of them are very dangerous for health: Bitumen , nicotine and carbon monoxide.
Bitumen is a mixture of various substances which condenses into the lungs in the form of a syrup-like sticky mass.
Nicotine is an alkaloid. It is poisonous and difficult to remove, even with the best filters of cigarettes. Nicotine is absorbed in the lungs and acts on the nervous system.
Carbon monoxide decreases the oxygen-carrying capacity of the red blood cells.
It is proven that snuff (especially its tar) is carcinogenic. It is able to cause cancer in tissues with which it comes in contact. It has been shown that breathing air contaminated with smoke increases the risk of lung cancer in non-smokers or passive smokers. We know that most of the respiratory and cardiovascular disease occurs most often in people who have the habit of smoking.
Alcoholism is a chronic disease. It is a disorder of behavior characterized by repeated ingestion of alcoholic beverages. This represents the largest drug dependency problem. The number of addicts is very high because it is socially accepted as normal. Adults consume alcoholic beverages in any kind of meeting. On the other hand, films and television contribute to increasing this addiction.
Moderate intake of beer, wine or liquor is not harmful to health.The main effect of alcohol, and biggest reason that most people drink it in moderation, is that it attenuates brain reactions and nerves.
In small doses, alcohol takes a calming effect. But as we gradually increase the amount, it may cause sense of loss of inhibitions and consequently drinkers feel awake and witty.
However, if the taken amount is excessive, it produces some other reactions like inhibition of memory, the concentration, judgment, lack of coordination, etc..
From the above, we can deduce that the effects of alcohol occur mainly in the brain and nervous system.
Alcohol is also a vasodilator (widens blood vessels). Widening of blood vessels allow excessive heat loss from the body tissues, resulting in hypothermia (cooling). The heart is also affected because, due to alcohol, muscle tissue is injured. The liver is one of the organs most affected. That is because large and prolonged alcohol intakes produce liver cirrhosis. The cirrhotic liver does not meet it’s duties properly. It can even cause death of the alcoholic.
There are many other diseases that are caused by alcohol consumption(hypoglycemia and poor nutrition, for example). Furthermore alcoholism causes difficulties at work, in family and even with law. Approximately one third of traffic accidents, often fatal, are the product of moderate alcohol consumption. In industrialized countries, about one person in 100 is an alcoholic. The disease is five times more common in men than women. Children of alcoholics seem most likely to develop late. There are official and private agencies that provide free care to those suffering from this disease.
Drug is defined as any non-nutritive chemical that the body can absorb.
Commonly, medicine or drug is a substance that is taken to obtain a temporary mental effect almost always pleasant. For example, the morphine can be prescribed medically to relieve pain, but when administered to healthy people, the effect is a transient feeling of wellbeing. The drugs tend to produce a strong and harmful addiction.
Young people are generally most affected by drugs. They start using drugs because of one or more of the following causes: false friendship, lack of true ideals, curiosity and search for new emotions.
Among the most known and used drugs are those listed below.
Include opium, morphine and heroin relieve physical pain and mental strain producing temporary euphoria. A person who consumes these substances has weight loss, lethargy, mood swings, sweating, slurred speech, bloodshot eyes and pale skin. Long term use of opioids produce loss of appetite. Therefore, malnutrition, nausea and vomiting painful due to the absence of drug,extraordinary susceptibility to infections and, usually, death from overdose are most common results of drug addiction.
The cocaine, is often called “snow”, stimulates the nervous system resulting in hallucinations.
A person who uses cocaine has dilated pupils, tremors, obvious poisoning, hallucinations and insomnia. In the long run, cocaine produces ulcerations in the nasal passages if inhaled.
The cocaine addict thinks he can make the most difficult enterprises. This feeling creates slowly dependency situation which is very difficult to recover, even with good treatment.
Marijuana is a drug that relaxes mind and body. In those who consume observed red eyes, dilated pupils, lack of physical coordination, and sometimes severe nausea. In the long term can cause irreversible psychological damage.
Some of these include the lysergic acid (LSD) and the mescaline. When consumed hallucinations usually occur, sometimes pleasant, sometimes terrifying. A single dose can cause lasting psychological disorders.
This includes substances inhalant vapors like certain glues and cleaning fluids, paint thinner, etc…These substances cause hallucinations, dizziness, temporary euphoria and sometimes unconsciousness. In the long term there is a risk of irreversible damage to the brain, liver and kidney can also occur by inhalation asphyxia.
Products and substances such as snuff, alcohol and drugs are harmful. His immoderate consumption or addiction destroys the body, mind and self human being, and produces diseases like cancer, heart disease, cirrhosis and other damage, which often culminate in death. To this we must add despair and anguish of the families of the victims of such addictions.
Self-medication and its risks
Self-medication is the procedure by which a person recognizes a symptom, diagnose it and fix it with seeks certain drug intake.
There are diseases and injuries that often require daily professional medical intervention and some do not even require treatment. There are also common symptoms or seemingly harmless conceal serious diseases. Indeed, many diseases that start with seemingly minor symptoms, if recognized in time, can be treated for a disease master might otherwise cause death. The ideal would be to consult a doctor for any health problem, and that self-medication is very dangerous.
In cases where this is not possible or not deemed necessary, there should be self-medication with common sense and consist of some simple treatments such as bed rest, observe the rules of hygiene, tea or any home remedies harmless, keep diet, etc.. But never take medication without authorization of a specialist. They can cause side effects or symptoms of diagnostic importance conceal.